The aim of this chapter is to give experienced and new practitioners in image analysis and computer vision an overview and a quick reference to the “galaxy” of features that exist in the field of texture analysis. Clearly, given the limited space, only a corner of this vast galaxy is covered here! Firstly, a brief taxonomy of texture analysis approaches is outlined. Then, a list of widely used texture features is presented in alphabetical order. Finally, a brief comparison of texture features and feature extraction methods based on several literature surveys is given.