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Fidelity of Graphics Reconstructions: A Psychophysical Investigation

Ann McNamara, Alan Chalmers, Tom Troscianko, Erik Reinhard, Fidelity of Graphics Reconstructions: A Psychophysical Investigation. Proceedings of the 9th Eurographics Rendering Workshop. ISBN 3-211-83213-0, pp. 237–246. June 1998. PDF, 161 Kbytes.

Abstract

In this paper we develop a technique for measuring the perceptual equivalence of a graphical scene to a real scene. Ability to compare images is valuable in computer graphics for a number of reasons but the main motivation is to enable us to compare different rendering algorithms and to bring us closer to a system for validating lighting simulation algorithms against measurements. In this study we conduct a series of psychophysical experiments to assess the fidelity of graphical reconstruction of real scenes. Methods developed for the study of human visual perception are used to provide evidence for a perceptual, rather than a mere physical, match between the original scene and its computer representation. Results show that the rendered scene has high perceptual fidelity compared to the original scene, which implies that a rendered image can convey albedo. This investigation is a step toward providing a quantitative answer to the question of just how ``real'' photo-realism actually is.

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