To aid you, below we have collected a set of 52 short points of things we think that at the end of the first year of a PhD all students should have some familiarity with. There is one point for every week of the year. If you know these things then following seminars, study groups and conference talks will be much easier. It will also help in putting your own work into context. Some of these are somewhat advanced topics, some of these are what one would pick up in certain undergraduate courses. This is deliberate since some are about being a cryptographer, and some are to address the fact that students start with different backgrounds.
If at the end of the first year you know the answers to ninety percent of the things we list then you should find that you will get more out of the conferences and talks you attend in your second year. In addition it will be easier to talk to cryptographers (who may be future employers) from other institutions since you will be able to converse with them using a common language. Almost all of the following are discussed in our undergraduate cryptography courses.
By each section we give a reference to places where the definitions can be found, or where to start your reading. The list of references can be found at the bottom. Not all answers can be found in the references cited, but they should give you a place to start looking.