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On the logic of hypothesis generation

Peter A. Flach, On the logic of hypothesis generation. Chapter in Abduction and induction: essays on their relation and integration. Peter A. Flach, Antonis C. Kakas, (eds.). ISBN 0-7923-6250-0, pp. 89–106. April 2000. No electronic version available. External information

Abstract

Explanatory reasoning infers hypothetical explanations of observations. Instances of explanatory reasoning include classification-oriented induction and abduction. Confirmatory reasoning infers hypotheses confirmed by observations. Many non-classificatory data-mining tasks embody confirmatory reasoning. In this chapter we study the rationality of explanatory and confirmatory reasoning from a meta-logical perspective. We take a neutral perspective on the abduction/induction debate by mostly avoiding these terms.

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